Module @zk-kit/smt

Sparse Merkle tree

Sparse Merkle tree implementation in TypeScript.

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A sparse Merkle tree is a data structure useful for storing a key/value map where every leaf node of the tree contains the cryptographic hash of a key/value pair and every non leaf node contains the concatenated hashes of its child nodes. Sparse Merkle trees provides a secure and efficient verification of large data sets and they are often used in peer-to-peer technologies. This implementation is an optimized version of the traditional sparse Merkle tree and it is based on the concepts expressed in the papers and resources below.

References

  1. Rasmus Dahlberg, Tobias Pulls and Roel Peeters. Efficient Sparse Merkle Trees: Caching Strategies and Secure (Non-)Membership Proofs. Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/683, 2016. https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/683.
  2. Faraz Haider. Compact sparse merkle trees. Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/955, 2018. https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/955.
  3. Jordi Baylina and Marta Bellรฉs. Sparse Merkle Trees. https://docs.iden3.io/publications/pdfs/Merkle-Tree.pdf.
  4. Vitalik Buterin Fichter. Optimizing sparse Merkle trees. https://ethresear.ch/t/optimizing-sparse-merkle-trees/3751.

Install

npm or yarn

You can install @zk-kit/smt package with npm:

npm i @zk-kit/smt --save

or yarn:

yarn add @zk-kit/smt

CDN

You can also load it using a script tag using unpkg:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/@zk-kit/smt"></script>

or JSDelivr:

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@zk-kit/smt"></script>

๐Ÿ“œ Usage

import { ChildNodes, SMT } from "@zk-kit/smt"
import sha256 from "crypto-js/sha256"
import { poseidon2 } from "poseidon-lite"

// Hexadecimal hashes.
const hash = (childNodes: ChildNodes) => sha256(childNodes.join("")).toString()

// Create the SMT with an Hexadecimal (SHA256) hash.
const tree = new SMT(hash)

// 0
console.log(tree.root)

// Big number hashes.
const hash2 = (childNodes: ChildNodes) => poseidon2(childNodes)

// Create the SMT with a BigNumber (Poseidon) hash.
const tree2 = new SMT(hash2, true)

// 0n
console.log(tree2.root)

// Add nodes to the SMT.
tree.add("2b", "44")
tree.add("16", "78")
tree.add("d", "e7")
tree.add("10", "141")
tree.add("20", "340")

// 31ee2a59741c9c32a32d8c7fafe461cca1ccaf5986c2d592586e3e6482a48645
console.log(tree.root)

// Get the value of the leaf.
const value = tree.get("16")

// 78
console.log(value)

// Update the value of the leaf.
tree.update("16", "79")

// 79
console.log(tree.get("16"))

// Delete the leaf.
tree.delete("16")

// undefined
console.log(tree.get("16"))

// Compute the proof of membership for the leaf.
const membershipProof = tree.createProof("2b")

// Compute the proof of membership for a previously deleted leaf.
const nonMembershipProof = tree.createProof("16") // This key has been deleted.

/*
{
entry: [ '2b', '44', '1' ],
matchingEntry: undefined,
siblings: [
'006a0ab15a212e0e0126b81e056b11576628b1ad80792403dbb3a90be2e71d64',
'f786ce5a843614d7da216d95c0087c1eb29244927feeeeeb658aa60cf124cd5e'
],
root: 'c3c023c84afc0a7bab1dbebcef5f7beaf3d6af4af98e8f481620dec052be7d0d',
membership: true
}
*/
console.log(membershipProof)

/*
{
entry: [ '16' ],
matchingEntry: undefined,
siblings: [
'960f23d9fbb44241be53efb7c4d69ac129bb1cb9482dcb6789d3cc7e6de2de2b',
'2a1aef839e68d1bdf43c1b3b1ed9ef16c27162e8a175898c9ac64a679b0fc825'
],
root: 'c3c023c84afc0a7bab1dbebcef5f7beaf3d6af4af98e8f481620dec052be7d0d',
membership: false
}
*/
console.log(nonMembershipProof)

// Verify the proofs.
console.log(tree.verifyProof(membershipProof)) // true
console.log(tree.verifyProof(nonMembershipProof)) // true

Index

Classes

Interfaces

Type Aliases

Functions

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